By Gail Letzter, Kristin Lauter, Erin Chambers, Nancy Flournoy, Julia Elisenda Grigsby, Carla Martin, Kathleen Ryan, Konstantina Trivisa

Proposing the newest findings in issues from around the mathematical spectrum, this quantity contains ends up in natural arithmetic besides a variety of new advances and novel functions to different fields corresponding to chance, information, biology, and desktop technological know-how. All contributions characteristic authors who attended the organization for girls in arithmetic examine Symposium in 2015: this convention, the 3rd in a chain of biennial meetings geared up by means of the organization, attracted over 330 individuals and showcased the learn of girls mathematicians from academia, undefined, and government.

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**Extra resources for Advances in the Mathematical Sciences: Research from the 2015 Association for Women in Mathematics Symposium**

**Sample text**

Floer Field Philosophy 29 2. To each diffeomorphism φ : Σ0 → Σ1 associate the map Lφ : MΣ0 → MΣ1 which maps ρ ∈ MΣ0 to the representation Lφ (ρ) ∈ MΣ1 given by [γ ] → ρ([φ −1 ◦ γ ]) for any circle γ : S 1 → Σ1 . Observe that Lφ ◦ Lψ = Lψ◦φ when φ, ψ are composable. 3. For each attaching circle α ⊂ Σ we use the bijection πα : Σ α → Σ {2 points} and a deformation of any loop γ : S 1 → Σ to avoid the special points to construct Lα := [ρ], [ρ ] ∈ MΣ− × MΣ ρ([α]) = id, ∀γ : ρ ([γ ]) = ρ([πα−1 ◦ γ ]) .

Z˜g+n )] for x˜ i = πα−1 (xi ), z˜i = πβ−1 (zi ) and some y1 ∈ α, y1 ∈ β. Since α, β are disjoint, this implies y1 = z˜i and y1 = x˜ j for some i, j ≥ 2 which we can permute to i = j = 2 to obtain z2 = πβ (y1 ) ∈ α and x2 = πα (y1 ) ∈ β . Permutation also achieves x˜ i = z˜i for i ≥ 3 and hence xi = πα (yi ), zi = πβ (yi ) for some yi ∈ Σ (α ∪ β), which can be rewritten as φ (πβ (xi )) = πα (zi ) by the defining property of φ applied to yi . While transversality cannot be discussed at the level of sets, note that the intermediate points [ y ] resp.

5) such as HFinst ([0, 1] × Σ, LH0 × LH1 ) HFinst (Y ). 1) is independent of the choice of Heegaard splitting, as required in Step 4. 1. 1. The Heegaard splitting Y = H0− ∪Σ H1 is a decomposition of the morphism [Y ] ∈ (∅, ∅) given by [Y ] = [H0− ] ◦ [H1 ]. Mor Borconn 2+1 2. The representation by symplectic data can be viewed as determining parts of a the functor F : Bor conn 2+1 → Symp by associating to the empty set ∅ ∈ ObjBor conn 2+1 trivial symplectic manifold given by a point F (∅) := pt ∈ ObjSymp , to nonempty the given symplectic manifolds F (Σ) := MΣ , and to surfaces Σ ∈ ObjBorconn 2+1 (∅, Σ) the Lagrangian F (Hi ) := LHi ⊂ pt− × MΣ .