By A. Lynn Martin
This booklet examines ingesting and attitudes to alcohol intake in overdue medieval and early smooth England, France, and Italy, specifically as they concerning sexual and violent habit and to gender kin. in keeping with common ideals, the intake of alcohol resulted in elevated sexual intercourse between either women and men, and it additionally resulted in disorderly behavior between ladies and violent behavior between males. A. Lynn Martin indicates how alcohol was once a basic a part of the diets of most folks, together with girls, leading to day-by-day ingesting of enormous quantities of ale, beer, or wine. This learn bargains an intimate perception into either the altered states brought on by way of alcohol, and, via competition, into basic family members in kinfolk, neighborhood, and society.
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Additional resources for Alcohol, Sex and Gender in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe (Early Modern History: Society and Culture)
2 36 Alcohol, Sex, and Gender indicate that towns such as Bologna consumed large amounts of wine. With an annual per capita consumption of 300 –50 liters and a population of 60,000 in the seventeenth century, Bologna would require an annual supply of 18–21 million liters of wine. 4 liters of wine per person per year, then 36 million liters would supply the city. The high productivity of modern agriculture makes the 36 million a much easier task than the 18–21 million. One possible explanation is that Bologna – and all the other towns in traditional Europe – was draining the wine from the countryside.
1 lists the daily per capita consumption of ale or beer over time and place in England. 2 lists the annual per capita consumption of wine in liters for French and Italian areas, households, and towns. 201 US gallons equals 1 imperial gallon). 880 imperial quart. Almost all of these statistics come from secondary sources, although for some I have made a few of the calculations to achieve a degree of comparability. Household accounts often included aggregate consumption of alcoholic beverages that have no benefit for this exercise unless they stipulated the precise number of consumers in the household.
Returning to Thomas Brennan’s critique of the use of statistics on aggregate consumption, the social, cultural, and dietary functions of drink in traditional Europe could prevent the problems associated with the heavy solitary drinker. If every occasion called for a drink, every occasion likewise had standards of drinking behavior. The consumption of alcoholic beverages with meals mitigated the effects of alcohol and hence reduced the incidence of drunkenness. ’151 Nonetheless, such a drinking culture and all the factors considered above are not successful in explaining it away.